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Cognitive modeling Panther, K. According to Traugott and Trousdale , p. That network, because of its very nature, presents various degrees of instability, which lead to the process of linguistic change. From this vision, it is possible to postulate the existence of two major processes: constructionalization and constructional changes. These processes can be considered an attempt to reinterpret the phenomena of grammaticalization and lexicalization starting from a constructional perspective. On the other hand, they are not merely different labels for the same phenomena.
In the construction grammar approach, a point worth mentioning is how the mind conceptualizes or constructs the experience of the speaker in the world.
According to Bergs e Diewald , p. In other words, it is about the creation of a pairing of new form and new meaning.
This process normally happens by means of neo-analyses and analogies in the pragmatic field, going through the semantic field and, finally, through the formal field. Departing from the pragmatic level, constructionalization starts from the negotiation of suggested interferences that, over time, become conventionalized at the level of schema or macro-construction.
This process is similar to the so-called pragmatic-semantic expansion described by Himmelmann With this process of change at pragmatic level, one leaves room to the possibility of change at other levels of grammar, such as the phonological and morphosyntactic levels. The constructionalization can be grammatical or lexical. The grammatical constructionalization consists in the development of a series of changes in micro-steps in the pair form and meaning, of a more procedural characteristic.
The lexical constructionalization , in turn, is associated with the development of new signs of form and meaning in which the meaning pole is primarily associated with a more concrete semantics and the form pole is associated with the categories of noun, verb and adjective. Constructional changes , in turn, are defined as alterations that affect already existing construction traits or characteristics. They can occur either at the level of form or meaning. Such changes occur from linguistic use, and they not always lead to the emergence of new constructions.
Constructional changes may occur both before and after the process of constructionalization.
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The so-called pre-constructionalization constructional changes usually associate with semantic-pragmatic expansion and small distributional changes. The post-constructionalization constructional changes , in turn, typically involve collocational expansion and sometimes phonological and morphological reductions. Departing from these postulates, Traugott e Trousdale , p.